President of the Brazilian National Bank for Economic and Social Development (BNDES) from 1998 to 2000.
Foreign Minister (1992/2001-2003) and Minister of Development, Industry and Trade (1999)
Professor at the Institute of International Relations/USP
Associate Professor at the Department of Economics/UFMG
Research Scholar at Harvard University
Secretary-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1990-1992)